Corporate Governance


The Board is responsible for establishing and monitoring the strategic direction and performance of the Group, within a framework of prudent controls.

STM has formally adopted the Quoted Companies Alliance Corporate Governance Code (the “Code”) and remained compliant with the Code throughout 2021. We set out below how the Directors have applied the principles, and the spirit, of the Code. 


STM’s strategy is to be the pensions and life assurance provider of choice in our chosen markets.  Through organic growth, product development and targeted acquisitions, the Group will continue to leverage our reputation for product innovation and service to build sustainable, recurring revenues within a framework of sound governance and risk management.

Our business model is to:

  • provide a range of innovative pension solutions to customers across our target markets.
  • promote our Pensions Administration and associated Life Assurance products to internationally mobile individuals with a focus on those that have previously worked in the UK.
  • focus on high growth, well-regulated markets.
  • operate the highest levels of service to both its customers and financial intermediaries in all jurisdictions.
  • to embed a culture of customer service, compliance and sound internal controls to build a sustainable, ethical business.
  • differentiate itself from its UK competitors by being able to understand the more complex requirements of the UK expatriate market.
  • differentiate itself from its international competitors through service levels, and a more comprehensive product / jurisdictional offering.
  • to identify and promote products, through its intermediary partners, to UK residents.

The Board has adopted a three-year strategy which includes:

  • focus our business on the life and pensions sector.
  • increase the introducer intermediary network.
  • diversification of the pensions and life product range.
  • increase our UK regulated products offer to UK residents as well as the expatriate market.
  • improve margins and the customer journey through efficiency and technology.
  • seek opportunistic acquisition targets for both QROPS integration, as well as expansion in niche areas of the Pension and Life markets.
  • pro-actively engage with key stakeholders, including shareholders and regulators.


The Board is ultimately responsible for the Group’s risk management framework. Setting strategy includes determining the extent of exposure to the identified risks that the company is able to bear and willing to take.

The Group operates a formal risk management framework which has been embedded across the Group and is overseen and monitored by the Board. In addition, the Board has adopted a formal risk appetite statement against which our strategy, business model and capital projects are tested and assessed.

The risk management function oversees the risk management framework day to day and is responsible for the implementation of risk management policies and processes throughout the Group. The compliance function in each jurisdiction provides assurance to the Group Audit & Risk Committee on regulatory and reputational risk through the completion of an annual compliance monitoring plan.

The Audit and Risk Committee meet not less than quarterly and formally report to the Board on risk across the Group.

Further assurance that our risk management processes are embedded and operating effectively is achieved via a rigorous internal audit regime which is overseen by the Audit and Risk Committee.

The Directors have carried out an assessment of the principal risks facing the Group:

Area Description of risk Examples of mitigating activities and factors Change from prior year
Distribution and market demographics Our markets are serviced by a limited number of intermediaries and product providers thus creating a competitive environment.
  • Comprehensive business development and retention team
  • Strong focus on intermediary liaison and customer experience
  • Innovative product development
  • Loyal intermediary base
No change
Reputational risk A circumstance could arise which
  • Board review of regulatory and business changes
  • High level of compliance in product and service delivery
  • Putting the customer at the heart of decision-making processes
  • Retained financial PR and media relations consultancy to provide ongoing support and media contact.
No change
Regulatory Risk Loss arising from regulatory changes in
  • Subsidiary Boards with experience in regulated businesses
  • Dedicated Compliance functions
  • Completion of an annual compliance monitoring plan
  • Risk Management monitors legislative changes and supports jurisdictional compliance functions as required
  • Expert third-party legal and / or compliance advice is sought where necessary
  • All companies comply with the respective jurisdiction’s solvency capital requirements
No change but regulatory environment in the continues to tighten with increased scrutiny from regulators.
Key personnel The Group could be adversely affected if there was a loss of key personnel or an inability to recruit individual with the appropriate skills set.
  • The Group offers competitive remuneration packages
  • Succession planning
  • The Group provides appropriate training for staff and management
  • The Group promotes a favourable work environment to retain and attract staff
Increased as staff recruitment and retention remain challenging in a competitive market
Geopolitical risks The Group could be adversely affected by changes in existing legislation, fiscal policy or political factors.
  • The Group is diversified in both its product range and the jurisdictions from which it administers them
  • No material exposure to sanctioned markets or individuals
Since year-end the conflict in Ukraine has impacted global markets and created uncertainty and inflationary pressure for investors. Elevated risk of market downturn or recession in key markets
Non-performing investments The Group recognises that the UK SIPP industry is becoming more litigious over non-performing assets and that STM also has an exposure to QROPS’ non-performing assets. The Group could therefore be adversely affected by this. The market for professional indemnity insurance continues to contract
  • The Group does not provide financial or investment advice to its customers
  • Adherence to regulatory requirements and appropriate due diligence procedures expected of a trustee for onboarding intermediaries and customers.
  • Professional indemnity insurance in place. Cover reviewed in detail in Q4 2021, resulting in improved terms, despite a challenging market.
No material changes in quantum of non-performing assets. Legal and regulatory environment continues to tighten.
Appeal judgment in Carey v Adams case The Group acknowledges that whilst the Court of Appeal upheld the High Court’s ruling on COBS it ruled against Carey (now Options) on s27 of the Financial Services Market Act 2000 (FSMA) and refused to exercise its discretion under s28 to disapply the effect of s27. This could have an impact on claims made against the business as well as reputational damage.
  • The Carey companies have extensive insurance cover
  • STM obtained indemnities from the prior owners when it acquired the Carey Group of companies
  • The Court of Appeal upheld the High Court ruling under COBS and confirmed that Carey treated Mr Adams fairly, honestly and professionally. 
  • The Court of Appeal judgment in respect of s.27 and s28 of FSMA was fact specific.
  • Permission has been sought to appeal the Court of Appeal judgment to the Supreme Court, however this request has been denied
Risk elevated by Carey v Adams outcome. Potential increasing willingness by FOS to attach liability to the SIPP provider for IFA advise.
Technology disruption The Group could suffer operational disruption in the event of technology disruption such as a cyber-attack or hardware failure.
  • Significant and ongoing investment in IT systems
  • Migration of key business applications into the Cloud as well as flexible provisioning allowing STM to scale up/down when needed
  • Office 365 implementation with the rollout of Teams for cloud collaboration and video conferencing
  • Periodic testing to identify vulnerabilities and deliver improvements
  • Detailed disaster recovery and business continuity plans in place.
Cyber threat has intensified. Steps taken to mitigate risk, particularly around remote working practices.
Financial risks

The Group has exposure to the following financial risks:

  • Credit risk
  • Liquidity risk
  • Market risk
  • Interest rate risk
  • Currency risk
These risks are addressed within Note [25] of the financial statements The conflict in Ukraine has elevated the risk of economic downturn, inflation and rising input costs
COVID-19 Impact on sales and operations due to office closures, travel restrictions and the loss of personnel due to potential 'self-isolation'
Potential impact on revenue due to economic uncertainty, declining asset valuations and interest rates
  • Business Continuity Plans activated across all subsidiary offices
  • Remote working capability enhanced across the Group and working effectively
  • Regular communications to all staff outlining our company position with reference to local Government and Health Organisations advice and guidance
  • High levels of recurring revenues from annual fee structure
The risk has materially reduced in 2022 but not passed entirely. The risk is shifting to the consequences of the pandemic rather than the pandemic itself – principally changes to fiscal policy and input cost inflation    
Climate risk Climate risk is the risk of adverse impacts on the Group’s business caused by climate change
  • Increased awareness of climate related risks, policies, business impact and disclosure requirements.
Emerging risk - a more detailed impact assessment and review of related disclosure requirements will be undertaken in 2022.



The Board is responsible to shareholders for the proper management and governance of the Group. It is responsible for strategic planning, business acquisitions and disposals, risk management, authorisation of major capital expenditure and material contractual arrangements, setting policies for the conduct of business and approval of budgets and financial statements.

The Chairman is responsible for over-seeing the development and implementation of the Company’s strategy, its governance framework and Board effectiveness. The Chief Executive is responsible for delivery of the strategy and the day-to-day management of the Group by the senior executive team. The Board is committed to continually developing the corporate governance and management structures of the Group to ensure they adapt to the changing needs of the business. The non-executive directors are considered by the Board to be independent of management and free from any relationship which might materially interfere with the exercise of independent judgment.

The non-executive directors provide independent oversight and challenge to the Board and bring experience at a senior level of business operations and strategy. The Company Secretary is responsible for ensuring that Board procedures are observed and the Company’s obligations as an AIM listed entity on the London Stock Exchange are met.

The profiles of the individual board members can be viewed on the Board page.

The Board comprises an appropriate balance of industry, finance and public market skills and experience, as well as an appropriate balance of personal qualities and capabilities to successfully oversee and challenge the Group’s strategy. The Company fully supports and funds any training, formal or otherwise, that is required by any individual Board member so as to ensure that their knowledge and experience remains relevant and effective.


An internal review of Board effectiveness, led by the Chairman, was carried out in February 2021 by means of a questionnaire and one-to-one sessions. The review identified that the Board worked well, with Board meetings considered effective. A need was identified to allow more time to discuss strategy and ad hoc items requiring debate. The review also identified that more frequent interaction between meetings, outside the Boardroom environment, would be beneficial. These proposals have been addressed by means of an expanded Board agenda and more informal, one-to-one interaction, outside the Board cycle.


The Board promotes a culture that is based on sound ethical values, standards and behaviours. This culture is visible in the Board’s actions and decisions, as well as those of the executives and senior management team. These corporate values guide the objectives and strategy of the business and form the backbone of our Code of Conduct policy. Our long-term growth expectations are underpinned by the principles within this Code of Conduct.

The Group promotes a ‘customer first’ ethos which is at the heart of decision-making processes, aligned to a positive and pro-active relationship with our stakeholders.

This culture has been communicated to all employees and is reinforced by the training program which all staff participate in. This starts with the Code of Conduct forming part of any new member of staff’s induction program, and the application of the Code of Conduct is considered as part of all STM employees’ annual appraisal process.


The Board comprises two executive and, since the retirement of Robin Ellison as a non-executive director with effect from 31 January 2022, three independent non-executive directors (including the Chairman). External recruitment consultants have been retained to identify replacements out-going non-executive directors, depending on availability of suitably qualified individuals to fill the roles. The search is well advanced, and the Company anticipates being able to announce an appointment in advance of the AGM.

The independence of directors is assessed periodically as part of the Board evaluation process. All non-executive directors have been appointed from outside the Group and are considered independent as defined by the Code.

The Board meets monthly throughout the year. To enable the Board to discharge its duties, all directors receive appropriate and timely information. Briefing papers are distributed to all directors in advance of the Board meetings. There is a formal agenda followed at all Board meetings which ensures discussions and decisions to be made on all strategic, financial and operational matters affecting the business.

The Board has established an Audit & Risk Committee and a Remuneration Committee, both with formally delegated duties and responsibilities. The Directors do not consider that, given the size of the Board, it is necessary at this stage to have a Nomination Committee. Succession planning is carried out by the Board. The Audit & Risk Committee comprise Malcolm Berryman (Chairman), Robin Ellison (until 31 January 2022) and Graham Kettleborough. The Remuneration Committee comprises all the non-executive directors, with Malcolm Berryman as Chairman.


The Audit & Risk Committee reviews the integrity of the financial statements of the Group, announcements relating to financial performance, accounting policies, the application of critical accounting judgments and practices, the operation of internal controls and the effectiveness of the financial reporting policies and systems. It is responsible each year for satisfying itself on the independence and objectivity of external auditor, agreeing the audit plan and the level of audit fee.  The Audit & Risk Committee meets at least four times a year and at such other times as the Chairman of the Committee sees fit. The Chairman of the Committee is appointed by the Board.

During 2021, the Audit & Risk Committee continued to monitor the Group’s risk appetite and risk framework, its policies, methodologies, systems, processes and procedures, through a three-lines of defense model. The first line being the business systems and controls in place to prevent and detect errors, the second provided by compliance monitoring and the third by internal audit review. The Group’s risk and compliance capabilities continue to evolve, providing local-level management and Group level oversight.

The Audit & Risk Committee has primary responsibility for the Group’s Risk Appetite Statement which sets out the Group’s attitude to risk and the limits of acceptable risk taking. The Committee has established the high-level qualitative Risk Appetite Statement for the Group and requires the Subsidiaries to link their own Risk Appetite to the Group. The subsidiaries are required to identify and manage Key Risk Indicators. The statement is subject to annual review by the Audit & Risk Committee and the Group Board. The Committee makes recommendations to the Board in respect of any risks faced by the Group outside of its declared risk appetite.

The Audit & Risk Committee is responsible for the Risk Framework with all risks identified being recorded in the Corporate Risk Register and reviewed by the Committee on a biannual basis.


The duties of the Committee are to:

  • determine and agree with the Board the policy for the remuneration of the Chairman, Executive Directors and other members of the Group Executive team.
  • determine individual remuneration packages including bonuses, incentive payments, share options and any other benefits.
  • determine the contractual terms on termination and individual termination payment.
  • be informed of and advise on changes in benefit structures in the Group; and
  • agree the policy for approving expense claims of the Chief Executive and the Chairman of the Board.

The Committee meets at least twice in each year and at such other times as the Chairman of the Committee sees fit. The Chairman of the Committee is appointed by the Board.

The Committee met three times in 2021. Key areas of focus included the new CFO’s remuneration package, bonus targets and the development of the executive long-term incentive plan.

Meeting attendance for the year ended 31 December 2021 was:

 Board Audit & Risk Remuneration
Duncan Crocker 10/10 - 3/3
Alan Kentish 10/10 - -
Therese Neish 7/7 - -
Pete Marr8/8 - -
Nicole Coll 3/3   
Malcolm Berryman 10/10 4/4 3/3
Robin Ellison 10/10 4/4 3/3
Graham Kettleborough 10/10 4/4 3/3


Page last up-dated: 21 September 2022


Options UK 
(part of STM Group Plc)
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London & Colonial Services Limited
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STM Group Plc
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1st Floor,
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Isle of Man,
IM8 1GB.

STM is a multi-jurisdictional financial services group listed on AIM, a market operated by the London Stock Exchange.
The Group specialises in the administration of client assets in relation to retirement, estate and succession planning and wealth structuring.

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STM Group companies are regulated where required in their host jurisdictions.

STM in the UK (London & Colonial and Options UK): Financial Conduct Authority - STM in Gibraltar: Gibraltar Financial Services Commission - STM in Malta: Malta Financial Services Authority - STM in Spain: Director General de Seguros, Fondos y Pensiones: STM Nummos, SL figura inscrita en el Registro Mercantil de Cádiz, Tomo 1612, Hoja 6697, Libro 0, Folio 14. CIF B-11301199.

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